Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Effects of salmon on the diet and condition of stream-resident sculpins

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-12, e-First articles.
Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) can subsidize freshwater food webs with marine-derived nutrients from their eggs, juveniles, and carcasses. However, trophic interactions between spawning salmon and freshwater fish across natural gradients in salmon subsidies remain unclear. We tested how salmon affected the diets and condition of two dominant freshwater consumers — prickly and coastrange sculpins (Cottus asper and Cottus aleuticus, respectively) — across a wide gradient of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) and chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) biomass from 33 streams in the Great Bear Rainforest of British Columbia, Canada. Sculpin diets shifted from invertebrates and juvenile salmonids to salmon eggs when salmon arrived in autumn, with salmon-derived nutrient contributions to diets and sculpin condition increasing with increasing biomass of spawning salmon among streams. Season, habitat, and individual sculpin body size and species also mediated the effects of salmon on sculpin diet as inferred from their carbon and nitrogen stable isotope signatures. This study shows the timing and pathways by which spawning salmon influence the diets and condition of freshwater consumers, and some of the individual and environmental factors that can regulate uptake of salmon nutrients in streams, thus informing ecosystem-based management.

Glossaire technique

Corps d'un poisson (ou autre animal) mort (encore assemblé aux os)
Localité, c.-à-d., environnement dans lequel un organisme vit . lieu où...
Se réfère à la mer, depuis la haute mer jusqu'au niveau de la marée haute...