Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers

Three-dimensional distribution of larval fish habitats in the shallow oxygen minimum zone in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off Mexico

Publication date: July 2015
Source:Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 101
Author(s): S.M. Davies, L. Sánchez-Velasco, E. Beier, Victor M. Godínez, Eric D. Barton, A. Tamayo
Three-dimensional distribution of larval fish habitats was analyzed, from the upper limit of the shallow oxygen minimum zone (~0.2mL/L) to the sea surface, in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean off Mexico in February 2010. The upper limit rises from ~250m depth in the entrance of the Gulf of California to ~80m depth off Cabo Corrientes. Three larval fish habitats were defined statistically: (i) a Gulf of California habitat dominated by Anchoa spp. larvae (epipelagic species), constrained to the oxygenated surface layer (>3.5mL/L) in and above the thermocline (~60m depth), and separated by a salinity front from the Tropical Pacific habitat; (ii) a Tropical Pacific habitat, dominated by Vinciguerria lucetia larvae (mesopelagic species), located throughout the sampled water column, but with the highest abundance in the oxygenated upper layer above the thermocline; (iii) an Oxygen Minimum habitat defined mostly below the thermocline in hypoxic (<1mL/L; ~70m depth) and anoxic (<0.2mL/L; ~80m depth) water off Cabo Corrientes. This subsurface hypoxic habitat had the highest species richness and larval abundance, with dominance of Bregmaceros bathymaster, an endemic neritic pelagic species; which was an unexpected result. This may be associated with the shoaling of the upper limit of the shallow oxygen minimum zone near the coast, a result of the strong costal upwelling detected by the Bakun Index. In this region of strong and semi-continuous coastal upwelling in the eastern tropical Pacific off Mexico, the shallow hypoxic water does not have dramatic effects on the total larval fish abundance but appears to affect species composition.

Glossaire technique

Localité, c.-à-d., environnement dans lequel un organisme vit . lieu où...
Interface distincte entre les eaux de surface et les eaux profondes, plus...
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