Selenium and mercury in dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) from the Gulf of California: inter-annual variations and selenium health benefit value.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Nov 27;:
Authors: Vega-Sánchez B, Ortega-García S, Ruelas-Inzunza J, Frías-Espericueta M, Escobar-Sánchez O, Jara-Marini M
With the aim of determining the benefit from consumption of dolphinfish Coryphaena hippurus from La Paz and Cabo San Lucas in the southern area of the Gulf of California, mercury (Hg) and selenium (Se) were measured in liver and muscle of specimens (n = 362) collected between 2006 and 2013. Mean levels of Hg in muscle (0.61 μg g-1) and liver (0.42 μg g-1) of all individuals from La Paz were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than in fish from Cabo San Lucas; in the case of Se, mean concentrations in liver (1.54 μg g-1) of all individuals from La Paz were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than in fish from Cabo San Lucas. Hg levels in muscle were positively and significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with fork length and weight of fish; in liver, Hg and Se were significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with fork length and weight of specimens. Levels of Hg and Se in muscle and liver among years varied significantly (p < 0.05); although there was not a defined pattern of temporal fluctuations for both elements, the lowest Hg levels occurred in 2009 when surface water temperatures were the highest for the sampled years. With respect to the Se health benefit value (HBVSe), results were positive and above the unit in all cases; it implies that consumption of dolphinfish in the southern Gulf of California is beneficial.