Publication date: December 2019
Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology, Volume 95
Author(s): Yunfeng Wang, Caijuan Li, Chenglong Pan, Enguang Liu, Xuqian Zhao, Qufei LingAbstract
Pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) is an economically important cool-water fish. In recent years, its cultivation has become threatened by higher temperatures in summer. We previously investigated the effects of heat stress on pikeperch liver under different temperatures, but the molecular mechanism of the heat-stress response is still unknown. This study applied consistent heat stress (29 °C, 0–48 h) to pikeperch juveniles, and a transcriptomic profile of pikeperch liver under heat stress (29 °C, 0 h) was performed by RNA-Seq. The antioxidant status, changes in liver histology, and antioxidant gene expression at different time points were examined. We identified 403 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), many of which were enriched in KEGG pathways, including protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum (ER), insulin signaling, and immune-related pathways. Among these, the most significant heat-stress-related pathway was protein processing in ER, indicating that this pathway is critical for the heat-stress response. After consistent heat stress at 29 °C, the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), the activities of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and catalase (CAT), and the mRNA expression of manganese SOD (Mn-SOD), CAT, and glutathione peroxidase 1 and 7 (GPx1 and GPx7) in the treated groups showed the same trend of first increasing and then decreasing. Levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) content did not show significant differences between samples at 0 h and 3 h, but significantly increased by 6 h, and thereafter decreased. The liver tissue was normal at 0 h (29 °C); however, it suffered histological damage with increased duration of the heat stress. Above all, heat stress at 29 °C seemed to cause oxidative damage and dysfunction in pikeperch liver between 3 h and 48 h. The present results indicate that pikeperch have the capacity to defend against heat stress and maintain relative balance of oxidation-reduction reactions mainly through activating the antioxidant system, protein processing in ER, the insulin-signaling pathway, and immune-related pathways.