Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019
Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Author(s): Zhenzhu Sun, Leling Chen, Qingying Liu, Kangsen Mai, Minglei Xu, Yuanyuan Zhou, Ningning Su, Chaoxia YeAbstract
The study mainly aimed at the effects of dietary Senecio scandens buch-ham extract (SSBE) on the growth performance, body composition, plasma biochemical index, intestinal and liver histology and the expression of antioxidant, apoptosis and inflammatory related genes in hybrid grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus♂ × Epinephelus fuscoguttatus♀). Basal diets supplemented with SSBE (10:1) 0%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.4% were fed hybrid grouper for 8 weeks. The results showed that WGR and SGR were significantly increased in the week 2 and week 4 in Diet 0.05% group (P < 0.05). The total protein, globulin and albumin significantly increased whereas alanine aminotransferase, triglyceride and alkaline phosphate in the plasma were significantly decreased in Diet 0.1% group (P < 0.05). The villi length, width, muscle thickness and the cross-sectional area of intestine were improved in Diet 0.05% and Diet 0.1% group. The expression levels of PPAR-α and CPT-1 in the liver of hybrid grouper were significantly increased following the supplementation of SSBE (P < 0.05). The expression levels of antioxidant related genes (CAT, GPX, GR and Keap1) and anti-inflammatory factor (IL-10) in liver, head kidney and spleen of hybrid grouper decreased significantly (P < 0.05). In addition, diets supplemented with 0.05%–0.1% SSBE had a good liver-protecting effect, but it would have a detrimental effect on hepatocytes when the content exceeds 0.2%. The above results indicated that the suitable additive amount of SSBE in hybrid grouper feed was 0.05%–0.1%.