Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019
Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Author(s): Gang Luo, Lingmin Zhao, Xiaojin Xu, Yingxue Qin, Lixing Huang, Yongquan Su, Weiqiang Zheng, Qingpi YanAbstract
The interactions between host and pathogen is exceedingly complex, which involves alterations at multiple molecular layers. However, research to simultaneously monitor the alterations of transcriptome and proteome between a bacterial pathogen and aquatic animal host through integrated dual RNA-seq and dual iTRAQ of tissue during infection is currently lacking. The important role of a diguanylate cyclase gene (L321_RS15240) in pathogenicity of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida against Epinephelus coioides was suggested by previous dual RNA-seq of our lab. Then L321_RS15240-RNAi strains of P. plecoglossicida were constructed with pCM130/tac, and the mutant with the best silencing effect was selected for follow-up study. The RNAi of L321_RS15240 resulted in a significant decrease in bacterial virulence of P. plecoglossicida. The E. coioides spleens infected by wild type strain or L321_RS15240-RNAi strain of P. plecoglossicida were subjected to dual RNA-seq and dual iTRAQ, respectively. The results showed that: RNAi of L321_RS15240 led to 1)alterations of host transcriptome associated with complement and coagulation cascades, ribosome, arginine and proline metabolism, and oxidative phosphorylation; 2)high expression of host proteins which related to phagosome and metabolism responses (metabolism of glutathione, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar); 3)the highly differentially expression of host lncRNAs and miRNAs. The differentially expressed proteins and mRNAs of pathogen were different after infection, but the functions of these proteins and mRNAs were mainly related to metabolism and virulence. This study provides a new insight to comprehensively understand the gene functions of pathogens and hosts at multiple molecular layers during in vivo infection.