Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019
Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Author(s): Xuebing Bai, Yonghong Shi, Imran Tarique, Waseem Ali Vistro, Yufei Huang, Hong Chen, Abdul Haseeb, Noor Samad Gandahi, Ping Yang, Qiusheng Chen, Jinxing LinAbstract
Exosomes are secreted from various cells by multivesicular bodies (MVBs) that fuse with the plasma membrane and are involved in the intestinal immune response to maintain intestinal homeostasis. Here, we demonstrate the ultrastructural characteristics of MVBs and their exosomes in immune-related cells of the zebrafish intestine, including goblet cells (GCs), mitochondria-rich cells (MRCs), high endothelial cells (HECs) and lymphocytes. In GCs, MVBs with a low electron density were present under the nucleus. MVBs with exosomes were observed among mucin granules. “Heterogeneous” MVBs were identified within the cytoplasm around mucin granules. MRCs were observed in the intestinal mucosa epithelium, including “open-type” MRCs and “close-type” MRCs. Typical MVBs were identified in these MRCs. MVBs with a variety of exosomes were observed in the HECs of the capillary located in the lamina propria (LP). The HEC basement membrane budded outward to LP cells to form a plurality of basal blebs, later containing a large number of exosomes. MVBs also existed in the LP lymphocytes. A schematic diagram of the ultrastructural distribution of MVBs and their exosomes in the intestinal mucosal immune-related cells was created. Our findings provide cytological evidence for the source and ultrastructural distribution of exosomes within the different intestine cells of zebrafish. Component analysis and immunological functions of exosomes require future study.