Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) from red seabream (Pagrus major): Molecular cloning and biochemical characterization of highly expressed recombinant protein

Publication date: Available online 3 November 2019

Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology

Author(s): Chan Zhong, Min Jie Cao, Mei Shu, Le Chang Sun, Huan Huan Yang, Guo Ping Wu


The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) is originally characterized as an endogenous inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) to response collagenolysis associated with immune challenge. In this study, the cDNA encoding TIMP-2a gene from red seabream (Pagrus major) muscle was cloned. It was 585 bp encoding a putative protein of 194 amino acids, which comprised all recognized functional domains and showed the high identity to TIMP-2as from other teleost fishes, revealing it belongs to TIMP-2a family. Soluble rTIMP-2a was efficiently expressed using a new constructed pPIC9K-rTIMP-2a vector with high inhibitory activity against to MMP-2 and MMP-9. The recombinant TIMP-2a tagged with 6 histidine residues showed the molecular mass of 23 kDa and isoelectric point of 6.50. Furthermore, the 6 disulfide bonds formed by 12 conserved cysteine residues were identified as functional motifs for its structural stability. In addition, rTIMP-2a possessed the high inhibitory activity against gelatinolytic hydrolysis and degradation of type I collagen which induced by endogenous MMPs in muscle. The results revealed the properties and inhibitory function of rTIMP-2a, which may be a pivotal role in regulation gelatinolytic MMPs metabolization during defense mechanism.