Publication date: November 2019
Source: Fish & Shellfish Immunology, Volume 94
Author(s): Chang Zhang, Qin Zhang, Junya Wang, Jiayin Tian, Yunjie Song, Haixia Xie, Mingxian Chang, Pin Nie, Qian Gao, Jun ZouAbstract
The S100 family proteins are a group of small acidic polypeptides and have diverse functions in regulating many aspects of physiological processes. They are structurally conserved and possess two EF-hands which are central for calcium-mediated functions. In this study, 14 S100 cDNA sequences were determined in zebrafish and their genomic organizations confirmed. Re-analyzing the gene synteny of the S100 loci identified two major S100 loci in Chr16 and Chr19 which share remarkable conservation with the S100 locus in human Chr1, suggesting they may have evolved from a single locus during the teleost specific whole genome duplication event. It appears that the homologues of human S100G and S100P have been lost in zebrafish. Expression analysis reveals that S100W, ICN1 and ICN2 are markedly expressed in embryos. Further, the transcripts of S100 genes are relatively abundant in mucosal tissues such as gills and gut. Intraperitoneal injection of poly(I:C) resulted in up-regulation of most S100 genes in the gut and spleen, with highest induction of S100V2 and S100Z detected. In fish challenged with spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), expression of most S100 family genes was increased in the spleen between day 1 and 7 post infection, with consistent induction seen for the S100A1, S100A10b, S100B, S100ICN1, S100T, S100U, S100V1 and S100Z. Interestingly, intraperitoneal injection of Edwardsiella tarda down-regulated S100 expression in the gut but resulted in induction in the spleen. The results demonstrate that the S100 family genes are differentially modulated by bacterial and viral pathogens in zebrafish.