In 2008, mass mortality was observed in paradise fish Macropodus opercularis which was imported from Indonesia. PCR of these fish found positive for megalocytivirus and Mycobacterium sp., while an unidentified virus was culture-isolated using CHSE-214 cells. In the present study, we investigated characterization of the unidentified virus and its pathogenicity to determine whether the virus was the causative agent of the mass mortality of paradise fish. The unidentified virus induced cytopathic effect (CPE) with syncytia in CHSE-214 and other fish cells, BF-2, GF, SSN-1, FSP and FFN. The virus was resistant against treatments with IUdR, chloroform, acidity at pH 3, basicity at pH 11 and high temperature at for 3h. By electron microscopy, the viral particles were spherical having a double capsid structure with approximately 65 nm in external diameter. Viral genome was composed of at least 10-segmented RNA with sizes ranging from 0.7 kb to 3.6 kb. Based on these characters, this virus can be classified into family Reoviridae. This reovirus did not cause any mortality in an artificial experiment conducted by injecting the virus to paradise fish. This indicates that the reovirus is not only responsible for the mass mortality of paradise fish in 2008.
Relatif à un virus.