Publication date: February 2019
Source: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 139
Author(s): A. Herrera, A. Ŝtindlová, I. Martínez, J. Rapp, V. Romero-Kutzner, M.D. Samper, T. Montoto, B. Aguiar-González, T. Packard, M. GómezAbstract
In recent years, due to the increasing concerns about their negative impact on wildlife and possible toxicity to living organisms (including humans), microplastics have become the subject of intense investigations. In the ocean, microplastics can be easily ingested by numerous marine organisms because of their small size (<5 mm). The Northwest African upwelling system is an important fishery area, and the present study is the first one in the region to reveal the presence of microplastic particles in the digestive tract of Atlantic chub mackerel (Scomber colias). From the 120 examined fish gastrointestinal tracts, 78.3% contained some type of microplastics, 74.2% contained fibres, 17.5% plastic fragments, and 16.7% paint. More studies are needed on fish, but S. colias is a candidate for being a good indicator of microplastic contamination in the region.